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The Growth of Virginia, 1634-1895
Immigration slowed during the 1660s. Already-established counties began to increase in population, albeit gradually. In 1663 the Eastern Shore county of Northampton was subdivided, the northern half regaining its Indian name of Accomack. In 1664 Westmoreland split off western lands as Stafford, and Lancaster in 1669 likewise yielded up Middlesex.
After 1669 no new counties would be formed for more than two decades, as the colony stagnated. Part of the problem was the very low price of tobacco on European markets due to restrictiions imposed by the Navigation Acts of 1660 and 1663. All trade was required to pass through England and bear a heavy duty.
In additon, there were conflicts with the Susquehanock and Occaneechee tribes and the vigilanteeism of Bacon's Rebellion. Virginia's plight did not encourage immigration.
1663 - Accomack (Northampton)
1664 - Stafford (Westmoreland)
1669 - Middlesex (Lancaster)
Go to Virginia map, 1690-1700
Return to Virginia Maps Introduction page
[adapted from Michael Doran, Atlas of County Boundary Changes in Virginia, 1634-1895], available under General References
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